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Timeline 1829 - 1999

1829

William Booth and Catherine Mumford (William's spouse-to-be and the "Army Mother") born.

1844

William Booth converted to Christianity.

1856

Catherine Mumford converted.

1855

Marriage of William Booth and Catherine Mumford.

1858

Booth ordained as a Methodist minister, having been accepted on probation in 1854.

1859

Mrs Booth's first pamphlet, Female Ministry, published.

1860

Mrs Booth's first public address.

1865

Rev. Booth begins work in East London. Christian Revival Association is formed, which later becomes the Christian Mission.

1878

First use of the term "Salvation Army" and description of Booth as "General". First use of brass instruments.

1879

First cadets trained as officers; first print run for the War Cry.

1880

Salvationists "open fire" in Ireland, Australia and the USA; children's work commences.

1881

The Army commences operations in France; children's paper The Young Soldier (then known as The Little Soldier) is first issued.

1882

Salvationists land in Canada, India, Switzerland and Sweden.

1883

The Salvation Army's work starts in Sri Lanka, South Africa, New Zealand, Isle of Man and Pakistan (still part of larger India at that point); first prison ministry commences, in Melbourne, Australia.

1884

Women's social work commences; The Salvation Army lands in St Helena.

1885

Purity Agitation launched; Criminal Law Amendment Act becomes law; trial and acquittal of Bramwell Booth and W.T. Stead in "Maiden tribute" campaign (breaking of a white slavery ring).

1886

"The work" commences in Newfoundland and Germany; first "self-denial" fundraising appeal held.

1887

The Salvation Army marches into Italy, Denmark, Netherlands and Jamaica.

1888

First food depot opened; the army opens fire in Norway; Catherine Booth, dying of breast cancer, gives her last public address.

1889

The work starts in Belgium and Finland.

1890

The Salvation Army starts in Argentina and Uruguay; Catherine Booth is "promoted to glory"; The Salvation Army opens its own bank; Booth publishes In Darkest England and the Way Out.

1891

The Salvation Army lands in Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia) and Zululand.

1892

League of mercy work (hospital, aged care and "shut-in" visitation) commences in Canada.

1893

The Officer magazine is first issued for the The Salvation Army's clergy.

1894

Work commences in the Hawaiian Islands and Java (now part of Indonesia);Naval and military league (now Red Shield Services) established; Swiss Supreme Court grants the The Salvation Army religious rights.

1895

The Salvation Army kicks off in British Guiana (now Guyana), Iceland, Japan and Gibraltar.

1896

Corps cadets (teenagers' Bible study) commences, and The Salvation Army "engages the foe" in Bermuda and Malta.

1897

Initial international social council held; Army opens its first hospital, in India..

1898

The Salvation Army commences in Barbados and Alaska; first commissioned songster brigade (choir).

1899

First councils held for "bandsmen".

1900

Japanese social agitation.

1901

The Salvation Army opens fire in Trinidad.

1902

The work starts in St Lucia and Grenada.

1903

A migration department inaugurated (became Reliance World Travel Ltd in 1981); Work commences in Antigua and St Vincent.

1904

The Founder holds his first "motor campaign"; work begins in Panama and St Kitts.

1905

Booth campaigns in the Holy Land, Australia and New Zealand; first emigrant ship charted by The Salvation Army sails for Canada.

1906

The Salvation Army Year Book commences.

1907

Anti-Suicide Bureau commences, as does the Home League (meetings for women in a social setting; The Salvation Army's work commences in Costa Rica.

1908

The Salvation Army lands in Korea.

1909

Leprosy work commences in Java; Army opens fire in Chile

1910

The work begins in Peru, Paraguay and Sumatra (now part of Indonesia).

1912

The Founder's last public appearance, in London's Royal Albert Hall.

1912

Booth is "promoted to glory"; his son, Bramwell, becomes the Army's second General.

1913

The Salvation Army lands in Celebes (now part of Indonesia) and Russia (until 1923); the Army's "life-saving scouts (now the Boys' Legion) commences.

1914

The fourth international congress is held; the First World War commences.

1915

Army commences work in British Honduras (now Belize) and Burma (now Myanmar); the Life Saving Guards, a group for girls similar to the Girl Guides, commences.

1916

The Salvation Army enters China (until 1951) and Portuguese East Africa (now Mozambique).

1917

The work commences in the Virgin Islands; the "Order of the Founder" (recognition of outstanding Salvationists) begins.

1918

The "War to End All Wars" ends; Salvationists commence ministry in Cuba.

1920

Nigeria and Bolivia receive the attention and care of the Army.

1921

"Sunbeams" (a girls' group) commences; the Army enters Kenya.

1922

The Salvation Army lands in Zambia, Brazil and Ghana.

1923

The Salvation Army starts the work in Latvia (until 1939).

1924

Salvationists open fire in Hungary (until 1949) and The Faeroes.

1926

The Salvation Army's work starts in Surinam.

1927

Austria, Estonia (until 1940) and Curacao (until 1980) see their first Salvationists.

1928

General Bramwell Booth's last public appearance.

1929

General Edward Higgins elected by the First High Council; General Bramwell Booth is promoted to glory; the Army enters Columbia (until 1956).

1930

The Salvation Army opens fire in Hong Kong.

1931

Salvationists commence the work in Uganda and the Bahamas.

1932

Namibia receives its first Salvationists.

1933

The Salvation Army commences work on Devil's Island penal colony in French Guiana (until closure in 1952); as well as landing in Yugoslavia (until 1948) and Tanzania.

1934

Army opens fire in Zaire and in Algeria (until 1970); Evangeline Booth is elected General.

1935

Salvationists land in Singapore.

1936

The work commences in Egypt (until 1949).

1937

The Salvation Army opens fire in Congo, The Phillippines and Mexico.

1938

"Torchbearer" group ( a senior youth group) commences; the army spreads from Singapore to Malaysia.

1939

The third High Council elects George Carpenter to General; WWII commences.

1940

The Second World War expands its theatre of operations, Salvationists follows suit where possible.

1941

Order of Distinguished Auxiliary Service (recognition of outstanding contributions by non- Salvationists) commences.

1943

The Salvation Army Medical Fellowship, and the SA Nurses Fellowship (until 1987), commence.

1944

Thanksgiving service for William Booth's conversion, in St Paul's Cathedral, London.

1945

WWII ends.

1946

Fourth High Council elects Albert Orsborn to General.

1948

First world-wide broadcast by the Army.

1950

The Salvation Army commences in Haiti; first television broadcast by a General; students' fellowship commences; first international youth congress.

1954

Fifth High Council elects Wilfred Kitching to General.

1956

The Salvation Army opens fire in Papua New Guinea; first international corps cadet congress.

1959

"Over-60s" club commences.

1962

The Salvation Army opens fire in Puerto Rico.

1963

Sixth High Council elects Frederick Coutts to General.

1965

The work commences in Taiwan.

1967

The Salvation Army opens fire in Malawi.

1969

Seventh High Council elects Erik Wickberg to General.

1970

The Salvation Army commences work in Bangladesh with cyclone relief measures.

1971

Work commences in Spain; first corps opens in Portugal.

1972

The Salvation Army opens fire in Venezuela.

1973

Officers appointed to Fiji.

1974

Eighth High Council elects Clarence Wiseman to General.

1975

The work recommences in Costa Rica.

1976

The Salvation Army's work commences in Guatemala.

1977

Arnold Brown becomes General, via the ninth High Council.

1980

Work officially re-opens in French Guiana.

1981

Tenth High Council elects Jarl Wahlstrom to General.

1985

The Salvation Army opens its doors in Colombia, Marshall Islands, Angola and Ecuador.

1986

The work commences in Tonga; Eva Burrows is elected General at the 11th High Council.

1988

Work commences in Liberia.

1989

The Salvation Army opens fire in El Salvador.

1990

The Salvation Army officially recommences in East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Latvia.

1991

Work officially recommences in Russia.

1993

Bramwell Tillsley is elected General by the 12th High Council.

1994

General Tillsley retires due to ill-health. Paul Rader is elected General by the 13th High Council; The Salvation Army opens fire in Guam and Micronesia.

1995

Married women officers gain The Salvation Army rank in their own right (from lieutenant to commissioner); The Salvation Army re-commences its social and evangelical work in Estonia; the work is recognised in the Dominican republic.

1996

The work commences in Sabah (East Malaysia); The Salvation Army's work officially starts in Rwanda, following relief and development programs.

1997

South African Salvationists sign commitment to reconciliation for past stand on apartheid.

1998

International Conference of Leaders, in Melbourne, addresses challenges of a new millennium.

1999

Salvation Army initiates work in Vietnam. John Gowans is elected General by the 14th High Council.